Non Verbal Learning Disabilities

Non verbal learning disability (NVLD)


A non verbal learning disability is characterised by deficits in visual-spatial organisational, tactile perceptual, psychomotor and non verbal problem solving skills.

A child with a NVLD has a distinctive pattern of strengths and weaknesses that include the following:

  • Good skills in rote verbal learning, regular phoneme-grapheme (sound-letter) matching, verbal expression (speaking) and verbal classification
  • Difficulties in basic arithmetical calculations while exhibiting advanced levels of word recognition and spelling
  • Difficulties with communication  as well as language problems
  • Difficulties with interpretation of social exchanges (requiring comprehension of situations in context), negatively affecting social skills.
  • When academic and social demands become more abstract and complex, children experience significant difficulties.



It is important that a full assessment is done by an educational psychologist to ascertain a the child’s pattern of strengths and weaknesses (learning profile). This will allow an individualised therapuetic plan to be implemented.